Object Record

Collection Archaeology Collection
Catalogue Number 1987.407
Object Name Plaque, Religious
Description An Ancient Carthaginian limestone votive tablet, originally part of the base of a larger tablet, bearing an incised inscription in Punic (Phoenician) with references to the deity Ba'al Hammon. the inscription reads:
Line 1. To the Lady Tanit Pene-Ba'al, and to the Lord
Line 2. Ba'al-Hammon, as was vowed by
Line 3. Metib-Ba'al, daughter of Ebed-Melqarth,
Line 4. the son of Ger-Ashtoreth. To our Lady, to Tanit, and to our Lord, our Master, Ba'al Hammon [one is] vowing, Mattanball, the Daughter of Ebed-Malearth, the son of Gad-Ashtaroth.

The worship of Ba'al Hammon flourished in the Phoenician colony of Carthage. Ba'al Hammon was the supreme god of the Carthaginians. He is generally identified by modern scholars either with the Northwest Semitic god El or with Dagon, and generally identified by the Greeks, by interpretatio Graeca with Greek Cronus and similarly by the Romans with Saturn.

Ba'al Hammon's female cult partner was Tanit. Tanit[ was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage where from the fifth century BCE onwards her name is associated with that of Baal Hammon and she is given the epithet pene baal ("face of Baal") and the title rabat, the female form of rab (chief) (Markoe 2000:130). Tanit and Baal Hammon were worshiped in Punic contexts in the Western Mediterranean, from Malta to Gades into Hellenistic times. In North Africa, where the inscriptions and material remains are more plentiful, she was, as well as a consort of Baal, also a heavenly goddess of war, a virginal mother goddess and nurse, and, less specifically, a symbol of fertility.
Dimensions W-12.5 L-15 D-9.4 cm
Material Limestone
Acquisition Gift of James McCunn 1876
People MacCunn, James, 1840-1918, shipowner
Site Name Carthage/Tunisia